About Kuchipudi - 2 of 3


The Chalukyas gave away to the Kakatiyas of Waranagal by about the 12th century. Originally Jains, the Kakaitya rulers took to the Pasupata Virasaiv cult under the influence of Basava. In 1230 AD a powerful ruler of the Kakatiyas, Kakati Ganapati Deva, invaded divi and subjugate the ruler, Jayappa of the Ayya dynasty and later appointed him commander of his own elephant corps.

 

An ardent lover of dance in all its many slandered forms, Jayappa wrote and excellent treaties on the subject, entitled Nritta Ratnavali.

 

The Kakatiya rulers, being followers of the Virsaiva cult, used the local dance forms to spread their own religion. Palkuriki Somanatha an eminent poet of the Kakatiya court listed all these dance forms in his book, Pandittaradhyacharitra, in Telugu.

 

The Muslim ruler Mohammed bin Tughlak, invaded Warangal and humbled the Kakatiyas. In course of time, Viranarasimha III, ruler of neighboring kingdom of Kalinga, annexed the region around Srikakulam and renovated the Andhra Vishnu temple.

 

Being a devotee of Lord Vishnu and having renovated the temple of Lord Jagannatha at Puri, he decided to propagate vaishatvism in the Srikakulam region once again. With the raise of Vaishnavism, the prevalent cult of Virasaivism declined. He was also great lover of art and patron of dance.

 

Anand Tirtha, the great devotee of Lord Kirshna preached his Vaishnava cult through out his region, even persuading two ministers of kalinga court, Sobhana Bhatta and Syama Sadtry, to become his disciples. They came to be known as Padmanabha Tirtha and Narahari Tirhta respectively.

 

Narayana Tirtha became regent after the demise of the Kalinga ruler, Bhanu deva, in 1227 AD. In this capacity, he visited Srikakulam, which was then part of Kalinga Empire.

 

He stayed there for 11 years propagating the Krishna cult. Jayadeva’s Getthagovindam enriched the local devadasis and Rajannartakis.

 

One of the disciples of Narahari Bhatta, Gopalakrishna Saraswathi, lived in this region. He composed many songs on the Leela of Lord Krishna as did Lilasuka, composer of Sri Krishna Karnamrita. At this time about the 14th century AD, the worship of Krishna held complete away from the minds of local people and the dancer reelected this feeling of total devotion to the Blue God. Into this prevailing atmosphere of Krishna-Intoxication was born a boy name Siddhappa. He was an orphan. read more

 

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